Program and rehabilitation gal  

by Sarah Scarbrough Ph.D

Sarah Scarbrough Phd, The REAL Program

As I sit back and think of my almost ten years working in this field of addiction, re-entry and the criminal justice sysrem,  I can’t but stop and think of how much I have learned, and therefore my ability to now contribute to the education of others. I ponder on how far we have come over the years with reform, social justice, alternatives to incarceration, re-entry, and programming.

At the same time, however, I sadly reflect on how much more we have to do.

A couple of months ago, I was coordinating a Sirius XM radio show for my boss. They were asking questions and very interested in the type of programming we provide. It was a very friendly conversation as I shared the upbringing of a many people in the program–sharing the difficulty they had with parental incarceration, sexual abuse, and more.

After a moment of silence, the producer on the other end commented, “I never knew backgrounds contributed like this. I always thought people just woke up one day and decided to commit a crime.”

I could not believe my ears. In 2017, this was really a real person’s mindset? “What rock has she been hiding under?” I thought.

But then I realized, not everyone has had the exposure that I have. Not everyone understands this, even with all that is going on in the US. There are still people who are blinded by the situation that plagues many.

In September, I had the privilege to attend a Correctional Conference in North Carolina. They had presentation topics ranging from architecture, design builds (a way that correctional settings are built), steel doors and outfitting the inside of an institution, and other related topics.

Then me, the Program and Rehabilitation gal

Just what they didn’t want to hear!

I presented on the second day. So day one was great. Everyone was friendly and nice–-some even wearing their orange jail flip flops since the maker of those was present. People started asking what I would be presenting on and I shared –-programming.

I got a few friendly eye rolls, and other sarcastic comments like, why do we care about that? We build jails! We don’t need to worry about that. I remained optimistic and carried on!

Needless to say, when presentation time came, I was a bit nervous – a tough crowd, around 75 people total –friendly and nice for sure, but I knew many certainly were not feeling what I was about to talk about for 45 minutes.

I started the presentation with “why do we program?”

One in 35 Americans is currently incarcerated, 1 in 3 Americans have a criminal record, 1 in 4 have a felony on their record, 21 million Americans are living in addictive addiction, and so on. And, if nothing else, 95% of those behind bars in the US will be released back into OUR community. Those stats definitely caught some people’s attention.

I then shared a video of some of the men in our REAL Program. These men were well-spoken and articulate, explaining how the program has changed them. “Wow – who knew a felon in jail knew how to speak coherent and intelligent,” one person later shared with me!

Now for the meat and potatoes – trauma

A loaded topic for sure. An emotional topic.

I talked about the strong correlation between childhood trauma and adult incarceration. Sharing the statistics relating to the physical, sexual, and emotional abuse of the large majority who are behind bars.

I shared how a child’s life experiences, such as abuse, divorce, mental illness, and parental incarceration has a significant bearing on that child’s life and development.

This got their attention and couldn’t be ignored. One man approached me crying after the presentation and said, “I had all that happen to me, but I had my brother to support me. After learning this, I should be in jail. I really beat the odds.”

I ended my presentation with an emotional video of CNN’s This Life with Lisa Ling episode “Fatherless Towns,” which featured our program in the jail and a special annual event we have, the Father Daughter Dance, which is sponsored by a local non-profit, Girls for a Change.

The tears were flowing from almost everyone–-male and female. Through this, they were able to see these dads, who were inmates, in suits, as fathers as they danced with their daughters.


As I wrapped up my presentation, I received a lot of great questions and feedback. One that I will never forget was from a prominent female architect out of Washington State.

She said, “I have been designing jails for over 30 years, and never have I thought about the humanity inside–until you just made me think of it.”

I saw this woman this past weekend in Cincinnati Ohio at another conference. She sat in my presentation again and asked a few other questions and shared how she is now considering those behind bars as she does her designing–she said it dramatically changed her mind set and work! Wow!

So, what is the bottom line?

Talk and keep the narrative going.

Unbelievably in 2017, we have many who are still in their bubble. Not necessarily for bad or malicious intentions, but because they haven’t been exposed to any other way except the news, which always leads with headlines about blood and killing.

We have a problem America

Suicide, drugs, crime, trauma, and hurt people hurting other people.

I am not excusing or justifying bad behavior. What I am saying, though, is society needs to understand this epidemic and the underlying causes better. If we don’t understand, how can it be addressed? How can we curb the atrocious statistics and horrific deaths?

Talk about it, share stories about it, and represent humanity well. So others, too, can understand what we understand. And together, we can help others realize that people behind bars are not society’s throwaways, but human beings –with mothers, fathers and children they love.

3 thoughts on “Program and rehabilitation gal  ”

  1. Dear Sarah…thank you so much for what you do…the statistics of those struggling with substance abuse/mental health issues in our jails is staggering and only continues to grow because of how we incarcerate instead of rehabilitate. I have seen my son, who struggles with the disease of addiction, unable to meet his probationary requirements put in to general population. …thankfully in our community most of our jails have rehab programs in place. I have seen my son in general population and a rehab pod and the difference is night and day…there is a hierarchy in general that is scary for someone being incarcerated for probation….my son has referred to it as ‘dead time’ and it is if there are not constructive, positive programs such as Sarah’s…we are blessed to have she and others who care about this marginalized segment of society. Thank you Sarah for what you have done and continue to do…thank you for caring about our children….

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